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Dimension Braze-Fillets on Drawings ?

brazing-symbols wsThe first, and obvious, point to make about dimensioning braze fillets on drawings is that once a braze-fillet size is specified on a drawing, it must be inspected and measured to verify compliance. This can be a meaningless and very expensive waste of time for a manufacturer when it comes to braze fillets.

The American Welding Society (AWS) document that is most commonly used for specifying how to properly place such requirements on a drawing is AWS A2.4 "Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing and Nondestructive Examination." That document includes numerous illustrations about how to use so-called "welding-arrow symbols" to specify fillet sizes on drawings. Be very careful. by Dan kay

Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 22:11

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Can a Brazing-Flux be used in Vacuum Brazing?

brazing-fluxOver the years, a strange question has sometimes been raised by people who are trying to optimize their vacuum brazing procedures. The question usually sounds something like this:

“If vacuum is good for brazing by pumping out the air from the furnace (thus, also removing a lot of the oxygen from the brazing zone that could hurt brazing), and if paste-fluxes are very good at helping to remove any residual oxides that can get onto metal surfaces that are being heated, then, isn’t it reasonable to consider that the combination of brazing in a vacuum along with the use of a paste-flux on the metal surfaces to be brazed would be highly effective for optimal brazing?”. by Dan kay

Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 22:05

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Refrigeration of Brazing Paste?

imagesIt is erroneously believed by many that brazing filler metal (BFM) pastes need to be refrigerated prior to use, or for long-term storage. This has led to misunderstandings and difficulties in the handling and use of BFM pastes in many shops, and to incorrect, misleading product labels.

Having been involved in the manufacture and testing of brazing pastes for many years, I will categorically state that there is nothing inherent in the chemistry of brazing pastes that requires their refrigeration! Some industry specs (and some cartridge labels) still state: “This paste must be refrigerated prior to use”. This very misleading statement has caused some people to believe that the paste must be cold when used in order to perform properly. This is completely wrong! Cold brazing-paste is much stiffer and harder to extrude (which can also be dangerous), and serves no useful purpose. by Dan kay

Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 22:22

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Boxing of Components

figure-1-wcMost brazing shops today will occasionally be given “rush” jobs by their good customers, and these brazing shops will usually do their best to respond as fast as they can, so that the customer will remain one of their best customers! No-one wants to do anything that would turn a good customer into an unhappy customer! by Dan kay

Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 21:58

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Argon Can Be Lethal!

danger-sign wsArgon is a favorite gas used in many vacuum brazing shops, since it is an inert gas that will not react with any of the metals being heat-treated or brazed in those vacuum furnaces. Thus, dry argon (as measured by a dewpoint meter right at the furnace) is often used for partial-pressure brazing applications, or for rapid-cooling needs, or merely as a gaseous atmosphere to allow better conduction of heat between components inside the furnace. But argon can also be dangerous, and even lethal!

Argon is an odorless, colorless, tasteless gas, and because it is heavier than air it will flow to the lowest spot in your shop floor, often down into holes or pits built into your shop floor. Many companies build those pits in their shop floors so that equipment can be lowered down into them, thus eliminating the need to add height to the ceilings of the buildings. By Dan Kay

Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 21:58

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Use of Active Brazing Alloys (ABA) in Vacuum Furnaces

bonding-zone ws-2Brazing is a highly versatile joining technique that can be used to join many different types of metals, and can even be used to permanently bond engineered-ceramic materials, such as alumina, to a variety of metals. It is being done everyday in industry.

Alumina, which consists of aluminum-oxide powder granules imbedded in a glassy matrix binder system of calcium-oxide and silicon-dioxide (among others), can be joined to ceramic or metal structures primarily by two different methods, as shown in Fig. 1. By Dan Kay

Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 22:28

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Brazing Questions Part-2

repairing-cracks-comp lgWide Gap Brazing when Parts don't Fit Together well for Brazing - A common occurrence (unfortunately) in the brazing world is the need to join two parts together by brazing in which the brazing gap is too large, i.e., in the range of 0.010-inches (0.25 mm) or larger. Ideal brazing clearances should be in the area of 0.000-inches to 0.005-inches (0.00mm to 0.125mm) maximum for most brazing filler metals (BFMs).
Brazing depends on capillary action to draw the liquid BFM into the brazing joint, and tight clearances are needed for best brazing to occur. If the BFM is pre-placed in the brazing joint prior to assembly of the parts then capillary action is not a major factor since the BFM will melt in-situ and join the two members without the need for flowing any distance through tight capillary spaces. By Dan Kay

Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 22:04

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